Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar District has been carved out of areas falling in Ropar and Patiala District as 18th District of Punjab on 14th April 2006. Because of its contiguous with the union territory of Chandigarh. The district has been formed to achieve growth of development as this area is emerging as major I.T.hub of Nothern India. The district includes Mohali, Kharar and Dera Bassi Teshils. It is located in the north east part of Pb.. And is part of Patiala division The District includes 414 villages. The important township in the district are Kharar, Kurali, Mohali, Zirakpur & Dera Bassi. Kharar tehsil is the largest administrative unit of the New district with 144 villages followed by Dera Bassi Tehsil with 44 villages.27 villages are newly added in the District Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar which are carved out from District Patiala.
The district is spread over geographical area of 1092.64 sq. kms. The rural area constitues 1021.77 sq.kms. as compared to urban area of 70.87 sq.kms.
As per statistical abstract of the Punjab 2001 the population of the districtis 698317 out of which the rural population is 454787 & population of urban area is 243530. The male population of the district is 379533 out of which rural male population is 247696 whereas urban male population is 134837. The total female population of the district is 318784 out of which the rural female population is 207091 whereas urban females are 111693. The S.C. population of the district is 155309 out of which rural S.C. population is 123113 & S.C. in urban area is 32196.
Mohali District has emerged as a major center of technical education. There are 8 engineering colleges which offer variety of technical course. The Punjab School Education Board is also operating in the district.
NIPER: A pioneer institute of pharmaceutical & education research is situated at Mohali.
There are number of renowed hospitals in the district which are equipped with latest technical know how. The FORTIS,IVY Hospitals is one of its kinds with multi specialty facilities.
World class CRICKET STADIUM of international fame is situated at Mohali International tournaments are held from time to time and the people get an opportunity to watch the international cricket in action.
District Mohali is emerging as a I.T Hub of North India. Some big companies like QUARCKS DELL & TCS is already in business and having its establishments whereas others are in the process for opening their offices.
Community Development Blocks in the District
This block consists of 144 villages and 2 towns namely Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar and Kharar and there 4 un-inhabited villages. As per 2001 census the total population of the block is 378655. The rural population of the block is 187187 out of which there are 101964 males and 85223 females. The total S.C. Population in the rural area is 55544.
The block is having total area of 411.32 sq.kms. Out of which the rural area covers 383.26 sq.kms.
Under the service area approach, all the villages havebeen allocated among 17 branches of commercial banks and 4 branches of RPBs. There are Total 86 branches are functioning in the block which comprises of 57 commercial banks, 13 private banks. 11 Coop. Banks, 4 Punjab Gramin Banks & 1 Agricultural Development bank. Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar has emerged as a Industrial Focal Point and designated as District Head Quarter. It has become a satellite town of Chandigarh and has registered a fast rate of growth.
Majri Block comprises of 116 villages out of which 1 village is un-inhabited. This block forms part of Kharar sub division. The total population of the block is 111598 as per 2001 census. The population in rural area is 88551, out of which 47892 aremales and 40659 are female. The S.C. population in rural area is rural area is 25531. Kurali is the only town in the block and has population of 23047. This block is spread over an area 274.84 sq.kms. The block comes under dark category. All the villages numbering 116 have been allocated among 8 branches of commercial banks and one branch of P.G.B.. There are 16 branches operating in this block which comprises of 9 branches of commercial banks. 1 Pvt. Sector Bank, One branch of PGB and Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar central co-operative bank is having 5 branches.
Due to certain incentives being initiated by the - Govt. many large and small scales industrial units have been established around Kurali.
DERA BASSI BLOCK
This block consists of 125 villages and 2 towns namely Zirakpur and Dera Bassi and there are 6 un-inhabited villages. As per 2001 census the total population of the block is 254367. The rural population of the block is 132746 out of which there are 72100 males and 60646 females. The total S.C. population in the rural area is 34598.
This block is having total area of 406.48 sq.kms. Out of which the rural area covers 371.17 sq.kms.
Dera Bassi block has a good number of small scale units. Chemical paints, Steel tubes, plywood, handlooms and kntting of daris are some of the industries which have koffered good employment to a number of persons. The soil of the block is sandy to sandy loam
There are total 25 branches are functioning in the block which comprises of 19 commercial banks, 1 private banks, 3 coop. banks, 1 Malwa Gramin Bank & 1 agricultural development bank.